A smart city is able to face up to the biggest concerns of our century

Our society is currently facing up to various challenges including major concerns for our cities. In a document called “Smart City : Le guide pratique” , the Smart City Institute of Liège reveals 4 categories of challenges :

Demographic challenges

Societal challenges

Territorial attractivity

New technologies

From those challenges emerge various major concerns which are specific to each city. These specific major concerns can be classified into 6 categories, thus shaping the 6 pillars of a Smart Cities


Inclusive society using new technologies and innovation to improve knowledge and social capital management


Considered and sustainable management, production and use of natural and patrimonial resources.


Sustainable and modern transport system.


Services and interactions linking and integrating public and private organizations in a open and transparent decision-making process.


Innovative economic models enabling a sustainable economic competition.


Improve life quality and security in the city.

So, what is a Smart City?

There is no unique definition standing for the “Smart City” term but we can try to define it.
We are convinced that a city might have 3 key factors:

Technological factors

such as physical infrstructures, mobile and virtual smart technologies, digital networks

Human factors

referring to human and social capital

Institutional factors

referring to governance, politics, regulations

To be designed as a Smart City, a city might purposefully use those factors : to ensure the sustainability of the territory global performance.

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